Did You Know.
A stroke — also called a “cerebrovascular accident” or “brain attack” — is a sudden interruption of blood flow in the brain.
Signs of stroke:
• Sudden numbness or
weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of
• Sudden confusion,
trouble speaking or difficulty understanding speech
• Sudden trouble seeing
in one or both eyes, or double vision
• Sudden trouble
walking, dizziness, loss of balance or lessened coordination
• Sudden severe headache
• Drowsiness, nausea or vomiting
Risk factors for stroke:
• Previous stroke or TIA (increases stroke risk 10 times)
• History of heart disease or high blood pressure, especially if you’ve had a heart attack or atrial
fibrillation (increases stroke risk 4 to 6 times)
• Smoking (increases stroke risk 2 times)
• Diabetes, especially if you have other risk factors, too
• Excess weight
• High cholesterol
Lower your risk factors for stroke:
• Diet: Follow a diet low in saturated fats and salt and high in fruits, vegetables and fiber. Choose
low-fat, lean meats like fish or skinless white meat poultry.
• Exercise: While 30 minutes of daily exercise should be your goal, any exercise will help. Monitor and manage your blood pressure, weight and cholesterol levels. See your doctor regularly if you are at high risk of stroke.
If you or someone has these signs:
1. Act quickly! This is a medical emergency.
2. Call 911 or get to the nearest hospital even if the symptoms go away.
3. Be sure to make note of the time the symptoms began.
UHS Wilson Medical Center has been designated by the New York
State Department of Health as a regional stroke center. With the
area’s largest team of neurologists, neurosurgeons and
neuroradiologists; a specially staffed neurosurgery operating
room; and complete inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation
programs, the stroke team at UHS Wilson Medical Center is
prepared with the latest methods to minimize the effects of
stroke. For more information go to
The acronym F.A.S.T. means:
Face — Does one side of the face droop? Ask the person to smile.
Arm — Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
Speech — Is speech slurred? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Is the sentence repeated correctly?
Time — If the person shows any of these symptoms, Call 911 and get to the hospital immediately.